Natural Gas Distribution — What You Need to Know

Natural gas is normally found deep within the surface of the earth. The components of natural gas include  methane and minor traces of hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas liquids.

Natural Gas Distribution to Consumers

Natural gas is delivered to end consumers when it is distributed through pipelines or local distribution companies (LDC).

LDCs are regulated entities that deliver natural gas to customers within a geographical location. There are two types of gas utilities:
• Utilities owned by individual investors
• Public gas systems that are owned by a local government

Typically, the LDC transports natural gas from a delivery point located on the natural gas pipeline to businesses and households using small diameter distribution pipes. The gas is then transferred from the pipeline to the local gas utility. The utility then delivers the gas to customer’s meters.

Statistics from the U.S. Department of Transportation indicate that there are currently 2.9 million miles of small diameter distribution pipes for natural gas in the U.S. alone. This includes service pipelines and city mains that connect each consumer’s meter to the main gas supply. Generally, about half of a household’s natural gas bill will consist of the distribution costs, which require large infrastructure to move the gas to the consumer.

To learn more our natural gas plans and how to switch, check out our natural gas plan FAQs and what steps to take to switch your natural gas supplier to Dominion Energy Solutions.